Up-regulation and clinical significance of serine protease kallikrein 6 in colon cancer

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Title
Up-regulation and clinical significance of serine protease kallikrein 6 in colon cancer
Author(s)
Jong-Tae Kim; Eun Young Song; Kyung Sook Chung; Min A Kang; Jae Wha KimSang Jick KimYoung Il Yeom; J H Kim; K H Kim; Hee Gu Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Cancer, vol. 117, no. 12, pp. 2608-2619
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Kallikrein-related peptidase 6 (KLK6) encodes a trypsin-like serine protease that is up-regulated in several cancers, although the putative functions of KLK6 in cancer have not been elucidated. In the current study, overexpression of KLK6 was identified in colon cancer, and the possibility that KLK6 may be a suitable candidate as a tumor marker was examined. METHODS: Messenger RNA (mRNA) transcript levels and protein up-regulation of KLK6 in colon cancer tissues was examined using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and clinicopathologic analyses. Cell proliferation, invasiveness, and antiapoptotic activity were determined in colon cancer cells that were transfected with small-interfering RNA (siRNA) of KLK6. RESULTS: KLK6 mRNA was up-regulated significantly in tumor tissues compared with nontumor regions. KLK6 protein was strongly expressed in adenocarcinomas but was not expressed in normal mucosa or in premalignant dysplastic lesions. Sera from patients with colon cancer revealed an increase in KLK6 secretion (0.25 μg/mL; P =.031) compared with noncancer cells (0.19 μg/mL). Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical studies of 143 patients with colon cancer revealed a significant correlation between KLK6 expression and Dukes disease stage (P =.005). High KLK6 expression was associated significantly with shorter overall (P =.001) and recurrence-free survival (P =.001). The rates of proliferation and invasiveness were decreased by 50% in cells that were transfected with KLK6 siRNA. The overexpression of KLK6 led to decreased activity of the E-cadherin promoter. CONCLUSIONS: KLK6 was up-regulated significantly in tissues and sera from patients with colon cancer and was associated closely with a poor prognosis, suggesting that KLK6 may be used as a potential biomarker and a therapeutic target for colon cancer.
Keyword
colon cancerimmunohistochemistryinvasivenesskallikreinkallikrein-related peptidase 6
ISSN
0008-543X
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.25841
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Immunotherapy Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > 1. Journal Articles
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Synthetic Biology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Personalized Genomic Medicine Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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