Effects of melatonin on improvement of neurological function in focal cerebral ischemic rats

Cited 0 time in scopus
Metadata Downloads
Title
Effects of melatonin on improvement of neurological function in focal cerebral ischemic rats
Author(s)
S Lee; J Shin; M Lee; S Lee; Sang Rae Lee; Kyu Tae Chang; Y Hong
Bibliographic Citation
Reproductive & Developmental Biology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 167-174
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
Acute ischemic stroke results from sudden decrease or loss of blood supply to an area of the brain, resulting in a coinciding loss of neurological function. The antioxidant action of melatonin is an important mechanism among its known effects to protective activity during ischemic/reperfusion injury. The focus of this research, therapeutic efficacy of melatonin on recovery of neurological function following long term treatment in ischemic brain injured rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40; 8 weeks old) were divided into the control group, and MCAo groups (Vehicle, MT7 : MCAo+ melatonin injection at 7:00, MT19 : MCAo+melatonin injection at 19:00, and MT7,19 : MCAo+melatonin injection at 7:00 and 19:00). Rat body weight and neurological function were measured every week for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, the rats were anesthetized with a mixture of zoletil (40 mg/kg) and xylazine (10 mg/kg) and sacrificed for further analysis. Tissues were then collected for RNA isolation from brain tissue. Also, brain tissues were analyzed by histological procedures. We elucidated that melatonin was not toxic in vital organs. MT7,19 was the most rapidly got back to mild symptom on test of neurological parameter. Also, exogenous melatonin induces both the down-regulation of detrimental genes, such as NOSs and the up-regulation of beneficial gene, including BDNF during long term administration after focal cerebral ischemia. Melatonin treatment reduced the loss of primary motor cortex. Therefore, we suggest that melatonin could be act as prophylactic as well as therapeutic agent for neurorehabilitative intervention.
Keyword
MelatoninFocal cerebral ischemiaNeurological function
ISSN
I000-0006
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > National Primate Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Files in This Item:
  • There are no files associated with this item.


Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.