Instability of toxin A subunit of AB5 toxins in the bacterial periplasm caused by deficiency of their cognate B subunits = AB5 세균 독소에서 B-서브유닛 결손에 의한 톡신 A-서브유닛 불안정화 기전

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Title
Instability of toxin A subunit of AB5 toxins in the bacterial periplasm caused by deficiency of their cognate B subunits = AB5 세균 독소에서 B-서브유닛 결손에 의한 톡신 A-서브유닛 불안정화 기전
Author(s)
Sang-Hyun Kim; S H Ryu; Sang Ho Lee; Y H Lee; Sang Rae Lee; Jae Won HuhSun-Uk Kim; E Kim; S Kim; S Jon; R E Bishop; Kyu Tae Chang
Bibliographic Citation
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes, vol. 1808, no. 10, pp. 2359-2365
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
Shiga toxin (STx) belongs to the AB5 toxin family and is transiently localized in the periplasm before secretion into the extracellular milieu. While producing outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) containing only A subunit of the toxin (STxA), we created specific STx1B- and STx2B-deficient mutants of E. coli O157:H7. Surprisingly, STxA subunit was absent in the OMVs and periplasm of the STxB-deficient mutants. In parallel, the A subunit of heat-labile toxin (LT) of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) was absent in the periplasm of the LT-B-deficient mutant, suggesting that instability of toxin A subunit in the absence of the B subunit is a common phenomenon in the AB5 bacterial toxins. Moreover, STx2A was barely detectable in the periplasm of E. coli JM109 when stx2A was overexpressed alone, while it was stably present when stxB was co-expressed. Compared with STx2 holotoxin, purified STx2A was degraded rapidly by periplasmic proteases when assessed for in vitro proteolytic susceptibility, suggesting that the B subunit contributes to stability of the toxin A subunit in the periplasm. We propose a novel role for toxin B subunits of AB5 toxins in protection of the A subunit from proteolysis during holotoxin assembly in the periplasm.
Keyword
Escherichia coliHeat-labile toxinOuter membranePeriplasmShiga toxin
ISSN
0005-2736
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2011.06.016
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > National Primate Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Futuristic Animal Resource & Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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