HFE polymorphisms influence the response to chemotherapeutic agents via induction of p16INK4A

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Title
HFE polymorphisms influence the response to chemotherapeutic agents via induction of p16INK4A
Author(s)
S Y Lee; S Liu; R M Mitchell; B Slagle-Webb; Young-Soo Hong; J M Sheehan; J R Connor
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Cancer, vol. 129, no. 9, pp. 2104-2114
Publication Year
2011
Abstract
HFE is a protein that impacts cellular iron uptake. HFE gene variants are identified as risk factors or modifiers for multiple diseases. Using HFE stably transfected human neuroblastoma cells, we found that cells carrying the C282Y HFE variant do not differentiate when exposed to retinoic acid. Therefore, we hypothesized HFE variants would impact response to therapeutic agents. Both the human neuroblastoma and glioma cells that express the C282Y HFE variant are resistant to Temodar, geldanamycin and γ-radiation. A gene array analysis revealed that p16INK4A (p16) expression was increased in association with C282Y expression. Decreasing p16 protein by siRNA resulted in increased vulnerability to all of the therapeutic agents suggesting that p16 is responsible for the resistance. Decreasing HFE expression by siRNA resulted in a 85% decrease in p16 expression in the neuroblastoma cells but not the astrocytoma cells. These data suggest a potential direct relationship between HFE and p16 that may be cell specific or mediated by different pathways in the different cell types. In conclusion, the C282Y HFE variant impacts the vulnerability of cancer cells to current treatment strategies apparently by increasing expression of p16. Although best known as a tumor suppressor, there are multiple reports that p16 is elevated in some forms of cancer. Given the frequency of the HFE gene variants, as high as 10% of the Caucasian population, these data provide compelling evidence that the C282Y HFE variant should be part of a pharmacogenetic strategy for evaluating treatment efficacy in cancer cells.
Keyword
GliomaHFE polymorphismHSP90 inhibitorNeuroblastomaP16INK4ATemozolomide (Temodar)
ISSN
0020-7136
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.25888
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Chemical Biology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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