Updates on the genetic variations of Norovirus in sporadic gastroenteritis in Chungnam Korea, 2009-2010 = 산발성 위장염에서 노로바이러스의 유전적 변이

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Title
Updates on the genetic variations of Norovirus in sporadic gastroenteritis in Chungnam Korea, 2009-2010 = 산발성 위장염에서 노로바이러스의 유전적 변이
Author(s)
K Park; S Yeo; H Jeong; K Baek; D Kim; M Shin; J Song; S Lee; Y Choi; J Park; Sung Chan Cho; D Cheon
Bibliographic Citation
Virology Journal, vol. 9, pp. 29-29
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
Previously, we explored the epidemic pattern and molecular characterization of noroviruses (NoVs) isolated in Chungnam, Korea in 2008, and the present study extended these observations to 2009 and 2010. In Korea, NoVs showed the seasonal prevalence from late fall to spring, and widely detected in preschool children and peoples over 60 years of age. Epidemiological pattern of NoV was similar in 2008 and in 2010, but pattern in 2009 was affected by pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009 virus. NoV-positive samples were subjected to sequence determination of the capsid gene region, which resolved the isolated NoVs into five GI (2, 6, 7, 9 and 10) and eleven GII genotypes (1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 16 and 17). The most prevalent genotype was GII.4 and occupied 130 out of 211 NoV isolates (61.6%). Comparison of NoV GII.4 of prevalent genotype in these periods with reference strains of the same genotype was conducted to genetic analysis by a phylogenetic tree. The NoV GII.4 strains were segregated into seven distinct genetic groups, which are supported by high bootstrap values and previously reported clusters. All Korean NoV GII.4 strains belonged to either VI cluster or VII cluster. The divergence of nucleotide sequences within VI and VII intra-clusters was > 3.9% and >3.5%, respectively. The "Chungnam(06-117)/2010" strain which was isolated in June 2010 was a variant that did not belong to cluster VI or VII and showed 5.8-8.2%, 6.2-8.1% nucleotide divergence with cluster VI and VII, respectively.
ISSN
1743-422X
Publisher
Springer-BMC
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1743-422X-9-29
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Nucleic Acid Therapeutics Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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