Comparative proteomic study between tuberous roots of light orange- and purple-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars

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Title
Comparative proteomic study between tuberous roots of light orange- and purple-fleshed sweetpotato cultivars
Author(s)
J J Lee; K W Park; Y S Kwak; J Y Ahn; Y H Jung; B H Lee; Jae Cheol Jeong; Haeng Soon Lee; Sang Soo Kwak
Bibliographic Citation
Plant Science, vol. 193, no. 1, pp. 120-129
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
This study compares the differences in proteomes expressed in tuberous roots of a light orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. cultivar Yulmi) and a purple-fleshed sweetpotato cultivar (Shinjami). More than 370 protein spots were reproducibly detected by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, in which 35 spots were up-regulated (Yulmi vs. Shinjami) or uniquely expressed (only Yulmi or Shinjami) in either of the two cultivars. Of these 35 protein spots, 23 were expressed in Yulmi and 12 were expressed in Shinjami. These protein spots were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Fifteen proteins in Yulmi and eight proteins in Shinjami were identified from the up-regulated (Yulmi vs. Shinjami) or uniquely expressed (only Yulmi or Shinjami) proteins, respectively. In Yulmi, α-amylase and isomerase precursor-like protein were uniquely expressed or up-regulated and activities of α-amylase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, and dehydroascorbate reductase were higher than in Shinjami. In Shinjami, peroxidase precursor and aldo-keto reductase were uniquely expressed or up-regulated and peroxidase and aldo-keto reductase activities were higher than in Yulmi. PSG-RGH7 uniquely expressed only in Shinjami and the cultivar was evaluated more resistant than Yulmi against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofold and White, 1919) Chitwood 1949 on the basis of shoot and root growth. Egg mass formation was 14.9-fold less in Shinjami than in Yulmi. These results provide important clues that can provide a foundation for sweetpotato proteomics and lead to the characterization of the physiological function of differentially expressed proteins.
Keyword
Comparative proteomicsLight orange-fleshed cultivarPurple-fleshed cultivarSweetpotatoTuberous root
ISSN
0168-9452
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2012.06.003
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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