Expression of SPRR3 is associated with tumor cell proliferation in less advanced stages of breast cancer

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Title
Expression of SPRR3 is associated with tumor cell proliferation in less advanced stages of breast cancer
Author(s)
J C Kim; J H Yu; Y K Cho; C S Jung; S H Ahn; G Gong; Yong Sung Kim; D H Cho
Bibliographic Citation
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, vol. 133, no. 3, pp. 909-916
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
Small proline rich repeat protein 3 (SPRR3), a member of the SPRR family of cornified envelope precursor proteins, is a marker for terminal squamous cell differentiation. Previously, this laboratory showed that SPRR3 is strongly upregulated in colorectal tumors, and is involved in the tumorigenesis. The current study was performed to investigate the expression status and effect of SPRR3 in breast cancers (BCs). SPRR3 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry in 241 tumor samples from BC patients. SPRR3 was overexpressed in more than half of all BC samples. SPRR3 overexpression was significantly associated with less advanced stage (0-1 vs. II=III) and the absence of lymph node metastasis (P = 0.004 and 0.013, respectively). HER2/neu overexpression was closely correlated with SPRR3 overexpression in a multivariate analysis (OR, 3.23, P = 0.017). To assess the influence of SPRR3 on cell proliferation and related signaling pathways, SPRR3-transfected clones from the SPRR3-negative T-47D human BC cell line were generated. Among the total of six SPRR3-overexpressing clones, five showed marked proliferation compared with SPRR3-nonexpressing control cells from day 3 of culture (P < 0.001). The SPRR3-over-expressing BC clones showed increased phosphorylation of AKT and MDM2, p21 overexpression, and p53 downregu-lation. Furthermore, phosphorylation of MEK and M APK was markedly increased. This study demonstrates that SPRR3 promotes BC cell proliferation by enhancing p53 degradation via the AKT and MAPK pathways and is, therefore, a potential novel therapeutic target for less advanced stages of BC.
Keyword
Breast cancerP53SPRR3Tumorigenesis
ISSN
0167-6806
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/S10549-011-1868-5
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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