Tanshinones as selective and slow-binding inhibitors for SARS-CoV cysteine proteases = 사스 코로나 바이러스 시스테인 프로테아제를 위한 선택적 느린결합 저해제 탄쉬논

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Title
Tanshinones as selective and slow-binding inhibitors for SARS-CoV cysteine proteases = 사스 코로나 바이러스 시스테인 프로테아제를 위한 선택적 느린결합 저해제 탄쉬논
Author(s)
Ji Young Park; Jang Hoon Kim; Young Min Kim; Hyung Jae Jung; D W Kim; K H Park; Hyung Jun KwonSu-Jin ParkWoo Song LeeYoung Bae Ryu
Bibliographic Citation
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 19, pp. 5928-5935
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
In the search for anti-SARS-CoV, tanshinones derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza were found to be specific and selective inhibitors for the SARS-CoV 3CL pro and PL pro, viral cysteine proteases. A literature search for studies involving the seven isolated tanshinone hits showed that at present, none have been identified as coronaviral protease inhibitors. We have identified that all of the isolated tanshinones are good inhibitors of both cysteine proteases. However, their activity was slightly affected by subtle changes in structure and targeting enzymes. All isolated compounds (1-7) act as time dependent inhibitors of PL pro, but no improved inhibition was observed following preincubation with the 3CL pro. In a detail kinetic mechanism study, all of the tanshinones except rosmariquinone (7) were identified as noncompetitive enzyme isomerization inhibitors. However, rosmariquinone (7) showed a different kinetic mechanism through mixed-type simple reversible slow-binding inhibition. Furthermore, tanshinone I (5) exhibited the most potent nanomolar level inhibitory activity toward deubiquitinating (IC 50 = 0.7 μM). Additionally, the inhibition is selective because these compounds do not exert significant inhibitory effects against other proteases including chymotrysin, papain, and HIV protease. These findings provide potential inhibitors for SARS-CoV viral infection and replication.
Keyword
PL proSARS-CoVSlow-binding inhibitorTanshinone3CL pro
ISSN
0968-0896
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2012.07.038
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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