Whole transcriptome analyses of six thoroughbred horses before and after exercise using RNA-Seq = RNA-Seq를 이용한 말의 운동전후 전사체 분석

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Title
Whole transcriptome analyses of six thoroughbred horses before and after exercise using RNA-Seq = RNA-Seq를 이용한 말의 운동전후 전사체 분석
Author(s)
K D Park; J Park; J Ko; B C Kim; H S Kim; K Ahn; K T Do; H Choi; H M Kim; S Song; S Lee; S Jho; H S Kong; Y M Yang; B H Jhun; C Kim; T H Kim; Seungwoo Hwang; J Bhak; H K Lee; B W Cho
Bibliographic Citation
BMC Genomics, vol. 13, pp. 473-473
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
Background: Thoroughbred horses are the most expensive domestic animals, and their running ability and knowledge about their muscle-related diseases are important in animal genetics. While the horse reference genome is available, there has been no large-scale functional annotation of the genome using expressed genes derived from transcriptomes.Results: We present a large-scale analysis of whole transcriptome data. We sequenced the whole mRNA from the blood and muscle tissues of six thoroughbred horses before and after exercise. By comparing current genome annotations, we identified 32,361 unigene clusters spanning 51.83 Mb that contained 11,933 (36.87%) annotated genes. More than 60% (20,428) of the unigene clusters did not match any current equine gene model. We also identified 189,973 single nucleotide variations (SNVs) from the sequences aligned against the horse reference genome. Most SNVs (171,558 SNVs; 90.31%) were novel when compared with over 1.1 million equine SNPs from two SNP databases. Using differential expression analysis, we further identified a number of exercise-regulated genes: 62 up-regulated and 80 down-regulated genes in the blood, and 878 up-regulated and 285 down-regulated genes in the muscle. Six of 28 previously-known exercise-related genes were over-expressed in the muscle after exercise. Among the differentially expressed genes, there were 91 transcription factor-encoding genes, which included 56 functionally unknown transcription factor candidates that are probably associated with an early regulatory exercise mechanism. In addition, we found interesting RNA expression patterns where different alternative splicing forms of the same gene showed reversed expressions before and after exercising.Conclusion: The first sequencing-based horse transcriptome data, extensive analyses results, deferentially expressed genes before and after exercise, and candidate genes that are related to the exercise are provided in this study.
Keyword
Equus caballuGene expressionRacing performanceTranscriptome
ISSN
1471-2164
Publisher
Springer-BMC
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-13-473
Type
Article
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