2,3,22,23-tetrahydroxyl-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-6,10,14,18-tetracosatetraene, an acyclic triterpenoid isolated from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai, inhibits acyl-CoA : cholesterol acyltransferase activity
Cited 5 time in
- 2,3,22,23-tetrahydroxyl-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-6,10,14,18-tetracosatetraene, an acyclic triterpenoid isolated from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai, inhibits acyl-CoA : cholesterol acyltransferase activity
- S Y Choi; M H Lee; J H Choi; Young Kook Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 2092-2096
- Publication Year
- In order to isolate a cholesterol-lowering compound from Alpinia katsumadai, an inhibitor for acyl-CoA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT), an enzyme responsible for the cholesterol ester formation in liver, was purified, its chemical structure was determined, and in vivo and in vitro inhibition activities were performed. In a high fat diet mouse model, we discovered that the ethanol extract of Alpinia katsumadai reduced plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, and low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. An acyclic triterpenoid showing ACAT inhibitory activity was isolated from the extract of seeds of A. katsumadai. By NMR spectroscopic analysis of its 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 1H-1H correlation spectroscopy, heteronuclear multiple bond connectivity (HMBC), hetero multiquantum coherence (HMQC) and nuclear Overhauser effect, chemical structure of 2,3,22,23- tetrahydroxyl-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-6,10,14,18-tetracosatetraene (1), were elucidated. The acyclic triterpenoid was found to be responsible for the ACAT inhibition activities of rat liver microsomes with IC50 values of 47.9μM. It also decreased cholesteryl ester formation with IC50 values of 26 μM in human hepatocyte HepG2 cell. The experimental study revealed that the ethanol extract of A. katsumadai has a hypolipemic effect in high fat diet mice, and the isolated acyclic triterpenoid has ACAT inhibition activity, showing a potential novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis.
- Acyl CoAAlpinia katsumadaiAtherosclerosisCholesterol acyltransferaseInhibitorTriterpenoid
- Pharmaceutical Soc Japan
- Appears in Collections:
- 1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
- Files in This Item:
Items in OpenAccess@KRIBB are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.