Melatonin attenuates doxorubicin-induced testicular toxicity in rats

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Title
Melatonin attenuates doxorubicin-induced testicular toxicity in rats
Author(s)
K M Lee; In Chul Lee; S H Kim; C Moon; S H Park; D H Shin; S H Kim; S C Park; Hyoung-Chin Kim; J C Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Andrologia, vol. 44, no. S1, pp. 796-803
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
This study investigated the protective effects of melatonin (MLT) against doxorubicin (DXR)-induced testicular toxicity and oxidative stress in rats. DXR was given as a single intraperitoneal dose of 10 mg kg -1 body weight to male rats at 1 h after MLT treatment on day 6 of the study. MLT at 15 mg kg -1 body weight was administered daily by gavage for 5 days before DXR treatment followed by an additional dose for 5 days. Sperm analysis, histopathological examination and biochemical methods were used for this investigation. DXR caused a decrease in the weight of seminal vesicles, epididymal sperm count and motility and an increase in the incidence of histopathological changes of the testis. In addition, an increased malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and decreased glutathione content, glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities were observed. On the contrary, MLT treatment significantly ameliorated DXR-induced testicular toxicity in rats. Moreover, MDA concentration and GR, GST and SOD activities were not affected when MLT was administered in conjunction with DXR. These results indicate that MLT had a protective effect against DXR-induced testicular toxicity and that the protective effects of MLT may be due to both the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and increased antioxidant activity.
Keyword
DoxorubicinMelatoninProtective effectsTesticular toxicity
ISSN
0303-4569
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0272.2011.01269.x
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Functional Biomaterial Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > 1. Journal Articles
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