Progress in genetic manipulation of the Brassicaceae

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Title
Progress in genetic manipulation of the Brassicaceae
Author(s)
N U Ahmed; J I Park; Hyeran Kim; I S Nou
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 1-12
Publication Year
2012
Abstract
With the increasing advances in Brassicaceae genetics and genomics, considerable progress has been made in the transformation of Brassicaceae. Transformation technologies are now being exploited routinely to determine the gene function and contribute to the development of novel enhanced crops. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation remains the most widely used approach for the introduction of transgenes into Brassicaceae. In Brassica, the transformation relies mainly on in vitro transformation methods. Nevertheless, despite the significant progress made towards enhancing the t ransformation efficiencies, some genotypes remain recalcitrant to transformation. Advances in our understanding of the genetics behind various t ransformations have enabl ed researchers to identify more readily transformable genotypes for use in routine high-throughput systems. These developments have opened up exciting new avenues to exploit model Brassica genotypes as resources for understanding the gene function in complex genomes. Although many other Brassicaceae have served as model species for improving plant transformation systems, this paper summarizes on the recent technologies employed in the transformation of bot h Arabi dopsis and Brassica. The use of transformation technologies for the introduction of desirable traits and a comparative analysis of these as well as their future prospects are also important parts of the current research that is reviewed.
Keyword
BrassicaBrassicaceaeImprovementTransformation
ISSN
1229-2818
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2012.39.1.001
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
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