Parts per trillion detection of Ni(II) ions by nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance

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Parts per trillion detection of Ni(II) ions by nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance
E J Kim; Bong Hyun Chung; H J Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Analytical Chemistry, vol. 84, no. 22, pp. 10091-10096
Publication Year
This paper demonstrates the development of a novel nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensing platform for the selective and sensitive in situ detection of nickel(II) ions at concentrations as low as 50 parts per trillion (211 pM). An enhancement in selectivity was achieved by designing a surface sandwich assay involving two different ligands each selective toward nickel(II) ions, namely, N-[5-(3′-maleimidopropylamido)-1-carboxypentyl] iminodiacetic acid (NTA) and polyhistidine. Maleimido-modified NTA was first immobilized on an alkanedithiol-modified gold thin film, followed by the sequential adsorption of Ni(II) ions. Next, polyhistidine-functionalized quasispherical gold nanoparticles, designed to enhance the SPR sensitivity, were specifically adsorbed onto surface Ni(II)-NTA complexes. This process was monitored by real-time SPR. The ability to detect Ni(II) ions as low as 50 parts per trillion (ppt) is a remarkable improvement compared to other optical and colorimetric techniques utilizing nanoparticles and is comparable to what can be achieved by state-of-the-art inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The improved selectivity for Ni(II) ions by the sandwich assay approach was confirmed by comparing measurements involving other divalent cations such as Zn(II), Pb(II), and Cu(II), some of which individually possess binding affinities toward either the NTA or histidine moieties.
Amer Chem Soc
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