Procambium differentiation and shoot apical meristem development in somatic embryos of soybean (Glycine max L.) = 대두 체세포배에서 전형성층 분화와 경단분열조직의 발달

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Title
Procambium differentiation and shoot apical meristem development in somatic embryos of soybean (Glycine max L.) = 대두 체세포배에서 전형성층 분화와 경단분열조직의 발달
Author(s)
P S Choi; Suk Yoon Kwon
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 55-58
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Immature embryos of Glycine max L. was cultured on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D). After 6 to 8 weeks of culture, immature embryos produced somatic embryos. Of somatic embryos, two cotyledonary embryo (14%), one cotyledonary embryo (37%), fused cotyledonary embryo (43%), and stunted globular embryos (6%) were observed. The procambial strand of cotyledons originated from circular procambial tissues of lower hypocotyl. The circular procambial tissues were independently divided into one or two procambial strand at the edge of cotyledonarynode, and then connected to each cotyledon to form somatic embryos with one or two cotyledons. When cotyledon was a fused type, the circular procambial strand in lower hypocotyl was continuously connected to the cotyledon. Also, somatic embryos with two cotyledons developed a functional shoot apex with the tunica-corpus structure. In contrast, somatic embryos with one or fused cotyledon formed an abnormal shoot apex without the tunica-corpus structure or with non-dome shape in the inter-cotyledonary area. These results indicated that the variation of cotyledon in somatic embryos is closely related to procambial differentiation and shoot apical meristem development.
Keyword
Apical meristemFused cotyledonOne cotyledonSomatic embryoSoybeanTwo cotyledon
ISSN
1229-2818
Publisher
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5010/JPB.2013.40.1.055
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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