Novel approach for the development of axenic microalgal cultures from environmental samples

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Title
Novel approach for the development of axenic microalgal cultures from environmental samples
Author(s)
Dae Hyun Cho; R Ramanan; Byung-Hyuk Kim; Jimin Lee; Sora Kim; Chan Yoo; G G Choi; Hee-Mock OhHee-Sik Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Phycology, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 802-810
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
We demonstrated a comprehensive approach for development of axenic cultures of microalgae from environmental samples. A combination of ultrasonication, fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), and micropicking was used to isolate axenic cultures of Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck (Beijerinck) and Chlorella sorokiniana Shihira & R.W. Krauss from swine wastewater, and Scenedesmus sp. YC001 from an open pond. Ultrasonication dispersed microorganisms attached to microalgae and reduced the bacterial population by 70%, and when followed by cell sorting yielded 99.5% pure microalgal strains. The strains were rendered axenic by the novel method of micropicking and were tested for purity in both solid and liquid media under different trophic states. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rRNA gene confirmed the absence of unculturable bacteria, whereas fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) further confirmed the axenicity. This is the most comprehensive approach developed to date for obtaining axenic microalgal strains without the use of antibiotics and repetitive subculturing.
Keyword
Axenic cultureChlorella sp.FACSMicroalgaeMicropickingScenedesmus sp.Ultrasonication
ISSN
0022-3646
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12091
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Institute > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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