Soluble and transparent polyimides from unsymmetrical diamine containing two trifluoromethyl groups

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Title
Soluble and transparent polyimides from unsymmetrical diamine containing two trifluoromethyl groups
Author(s)
S D Kim; S Y Kim; Im Sik Chung
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 20, pp. 4413-4422
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
A new unsymmetrical diamine monomer containing two trifluoromethyl (CF 3) groups is prepared from 2-bromo-5-nitro-1,3-bis(trifluoromethyl) benzene. The monomer is polymerized with typical dianhydrides, in this case PMDA, BPDA, BTDA, ODPA, and 6-FDA, using a one-pot synthetic method to obtain corresponding polyimides. All of the prepared polyimides are readily soluble in many organic solvents and can be solution-cast into transparent, flexible, and tough films. These films have a UV-vis absorption cut-off wavelength at 340-375 nm and light transparencies of 87-91% at a wavelength of 550 nm. Incorporation of two CF3 groups unsymmetrically into rigid polyimides improves their solubility and transparencies without decreasing their physical properties. The polymers exhibit high thermal stability with 5% weight loss at temperatures ranging from 534 to 593 °C in nitrogen and from 519 to 568 °C in air, and high glass transition temperatures (Tg) above > 300 °C depending on their molecular structures. They also have a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value of 46-69 ppm/°C. In addition, they show low refractive indices in the range of 1.535-1.602 at a wavelength of 633 nm due to the unsymmetrical incorporation effect of the two CF3 groups.
Keyword
high performance polymerspolyimidestrifluoromethyl groupsfilms
ISSN
0887-624X
Publisher
Wiley
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pola.26855
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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