Development of osteoporosis animal model using micropigs

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Title
Development of osteoporosis animal model using micropigs
Author(s)
Sang Woo Kim; Kyoung Shim Kim; C D Solis; M S Lee; B H Hyun
Bibliographic Citation
Laboratory Animal Research, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 174-177
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
Osteoporosis is a known major health problem and a serious disease of the bone, there has been a great need to develop more and newer animal models for this disease. Among animal models used for testing drug efficacy, the minipig model has become useful and effective due to its close similarity with humans (validity), particularly with the pharmacokinetics of compounds via subcutaneous administration, the structure and function of the organs, the morphology of bone and the overall metabolic nature. Based on these advantages, we sought to develop a new animal model of osteoporosis using micropig, which differs from other miniature pigs in the genetic background. Female micropigs were used for the induction of a moderate osteoporosis model by bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and compared with shamoperated animals. For osteoporosis evaluation, clinical biomarkers such as blood osteocalcin (OSC) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were measured, as well as bone mineral density (BMD) using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Compared to sham, OVX animals have decreased blood OSC level, while the blood PTH level increased in blood sera. In addition, we observed the significantly decreased BMDs of tibia region in OVX animals. Based on these results, we report that the micropig model developed in this study can be used to develop a new and effective medical method for diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.
Keyword
Osteoporosismicropigovariectomyosteocalcinparathyroid hormonemicro-CT
ISSN
1738-6055
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5625/lar.2013.29.3.174
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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