ZEB2-Sp1 cooperation induces invasion by upregulating cadherin-11 and integrin α5 expression

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ZEB2-Sp1 cooperation induces invasion by upregulating cadherin-11 and integrin α5 expression
Eun-Hee Nam; Yunhee Lee; X F Zhao; Y K Park; J W Lee; Semi Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Carcinogenesis, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 302-314
Publication Year
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process implicated in invasion and metastasis. EMT is characterized by repression of epithelial markers and induction of mesenchymal markers. ZEB2 is a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin, leading to EMT. Previously, we have shown that ZEB2 directly upregulates integrin α5 transcription by cooperating with the transcription factor Sp1. In this study, we investigated the precise mechanism by which ZEB2 modulates invasion and EMT events and the role of Sp1 in ZEB2-induced invasion. We found that ZEB2 directly induced cadherin-11 transcription in an Sp1-dependent, but Smad- and E-box-independent, manner and repressed E-cadherin expression in an Sp1- and Smad-independent manner, leading to cadherin switch. Furthermore, ZEB2 upregulated Sp1 by enhancing Sp1 protein stability, and Sp1 was found to be critical for ZEB2-induced cancer cell invasion, mainly through induction of cadherin-11 and integrin α5. Expression levels of cadherin-11 and integrin α5 were interdependent and both modulated c-Jun N-terminal kinase-signaling activity and invasion. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that nuclear expression of ZEB2 was positively correlated with Sp1 expression in human colorectal cancers. Together, these findings demonstrate a previously unrecognized interplay between ZEB2, Sp1, cadherin-11 and integrin α5 that is, probably, significant in tumor progression and metastasis.
Oxford Univ Press
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Division of Biomedical Research > Microbiome Convergence Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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