Naloxone induces endoplasmic reticulum stress in PC12 cells

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Naloxone induces endoplasmic reticulum stress in PC12 cells
S Seo; Y S Kwon; Kweon Yu; S W Kim; O Y Kwon; K H Kang; K Kwon
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular Medicine Reports, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1395-1399
Publication Year
Naloxone is an opioid inverse agonist used in the treatment of opiate overdose, with well known pharmacology. In the present study, we determined the effects of naloxone on the unfolded protein response (UPR) in PC12 cells. Data from a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicated that naloxone may accelerate PC12 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. We also demonstrated that naloxone upregulated gene expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperones, including binding immunoglobulin protein (Bip), calnexin, ER protein 29 (ERp29) and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), and ER stress sensors, including activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) and protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK). In addition, naloxone also induced typical ER stress phenomena, including ART6 proteolytic cleavage, eIF2α phosphorylation and XBP1 mRNA splicing. Furthermore, naloxone upregulated gene expression of ER chaperones and ER stress sensors in in vivo experiments. To the best of our knowledge, these results are the first to indicate that naloxone induces ER stress in vitro and in vivo.
Endoplasmic reticulum chaperonesEndoplasmic reticulum stressNaloxone
Spandidos Publ Ltd
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Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > 1. Journal Articles
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