Association of bi-functional activity in the N-terminal domain of glycogen debranching enzyme

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Title
Association of bi-functional activity in the N-terminal domain of glycogen debranching enzyme
Author(s)
Minho Lee; Hyeong Nam Song; J E Cho; P L Tran; S Park; J T Park; Eui-jeon Woo
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 445, no. 1, pp. 107-112
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
Glycogen debranching enzyme (GDE) in mammals and yeast exhibits α-1,4-transferase and α-1,6-glucosidase activities within a single polypeptide chain and facilitates the breakdown of glycogen by a bi-functional mechanism. Each enzymatic activity of GDE is suggested to be associated with distinct domains; α-1,4-glycosyltransferase activity with the N-terminal domain and α-1,6-glucosidase activity with the C-terminal domain. Here, we present the biochemical features of the GDE from Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the substrate glucose(n)-β-cyclodextrin (Gn-β-CD). The bacterially expressed and purified GDE N-terminal domain (aa 1-644) showed α-1,4-transferase activity on maltotetraose (G4) and G4-β-CD, yielding various lengths of (G)n. Surprisingly, the N-terminal domain also exhibited α-1,6-glucosidase activity against G1-β-CD and G4-β-CD, producing G1 and β-CD. Mutational analysis showed that residues D535 and E564 in the N-terminal domain are essential for the transferase activity but not for the glucosidase activity. These results indicate that the N-terminal domain (1-644) alone has both α-1,4- transferase and the α-1,6-glucosidase activities and suggest that the bi-functional activity in the N-domain may occur via one active site, as observed in some archaeal debranching enzymes.
Keyword
α-1,4-Transferase activityα-1,6-Glucosidase activityBi-functionalGlycogen debranching enzyme (GDE)Saccharomyces cerevisiae
ISSN
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2014.01.134
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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