Characterization of antimicrobial resistance and application of RFLP for epidemiological monitoring of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. isolated from dogs and humans in Korea

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Title
Characterization of antimicrobial resistance and application of RFLP for epidemiological monitoring of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. isolated from dogs and humans in Korea
Author(s)
H H Cho; Sang-Hyun Kim; W Min; B K Ku; J H Kim; Y H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 91-99
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
An antimicrobial susceptibility test was conducted to compare the resistance rates among Campylobacter spp. isolates from dogs (n = 50) raised under diverse conditions and humans (n = 50). More than 60% of Campylobacter (C.) jejuni from dogs and humans showed resistance to nalidixic acid, enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin. C. jejuni isolates from humans showed higher resistance to tetracycline (83.3%) and ampicillin (91.3%) than those from dogs. None of the C. jejuni or Campylobacter coli isolates from humans or dogs were resistant to erythromycin. Overall, 85% of Campylobacter spp. isolates showed a multidrug resistant phenotype. Nucleotide sequencing analysis of the gryA gene showed that 100% of NAR/CIPR C. jejuni isolates from dogs and humans had the Thr-86th-Ile mutation, which is associated with fluoroquinolone resistance. flaA PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing to differentiate the isolates below the species level revealed 12 different clusters out of 73 strains. The human isolates belonged to eight different RFLP clusters, while five clusters contained dog and human isolates.
Keyword
Antibiotic resistanceCampylobacter spp.DNA gyrasePoint mutationRFLP
ISSN
1225-0198
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.14405/kjvr.2014.54.2.91
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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