Systematic targeted gene deletion using the gene-synthesis method in fission yeast

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Systematic targeted gene deletion using the gene-synthesis method in fission yeast
M Nam; S J Lee; S Han; D Kim; M Lee; E J Kang; H O Park; A R Lee; S Lee; C H Kim; Dong Uk Kim; K L Hoe
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiological Methods, vol. 106, pp. 72-77
Publication Year
Genome-wide targeted gene deletion, a systematic method to study gene function by replacing target genes with deletion cassettes, using serial-PCR or block-PCR requires elaborate skill. We developed a novel gene-synthesis method to systematically prepare deletion cassettes on a 96-well basis in fission yeast. We designed the 2129-bp deletion cassette as three modules: a central 1397-bp KanMX4 selection marker module and two flanking 366-bp gene-specific artificial linker modules. The central KanMX4 module can be used in multiple deletion cassettes in combination with different sets of flanking modules. The deletion cassettes consisted of 147 oligonucleotides (93 for the central module. +. 25 for each of the flanking modules. +. 4 for the joints) and the oligonucleotides were designed as ~. 29. mers using an in-house program. Oligonucleotides were synthesized on a 96-well basis and ligated into deletion cassettes without gaps by ligase chain reaction, which was followed by two rounds of nested PCR to amplify trace amounts of the ligated cassettes. After the artificial linkers were removed from the deletion cassettes, the cassettes were transformed into wild-type diploid fission yeast strain SP286. We validated the transformed colonies via check PCR and subjected them to tetrad analysis to confirm functional integrity. Using this method, we systematically deleted 563 genes in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe with a >. 90% success rate and a point-mutation rate of ~. 0.4 mutations per kb. Our method can be used to create systematic gene deletions in a variety of yeasts especially when it included a bar-code system for parallel analyses.
Artificial sequence linkerDeletion cassetteGene synthesisLigase chain reactionYeast
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Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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