Higher biomass productivity of microalgae in an attached growth system, using wastewater = 폐수를 이용한 부착조류 배양 시스템의 향상된 바이오매스 생산성

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Title
Higher biomass productivity of microalgae in an attached growth system, using wastewater = 폐수를 이용한 부착조류 배양 시스템의 향상된 바이오매스 생산성
Author(s)
Seung Hoon Lee; Hee-Mock Oh; Beom Ho Jo; S A Lee; Sang Yoon Shin; Hee-Sik Kim; S H Lee; Chi-Yong Ahn
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1566-1573
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
Although most algae cultivation systems are operated in suspended culture, an attached growth system can offer several advantages over suspended systems. Algal cultivation becomes light-limited as the microalgal concentration increases in the suspended system; on the other hand, sunlight penetrates deeper and stronger in attached systems owing to the more transparent water. Such higher availability of sunlight makes it possible to operate a raceway pond deeper than usual, resulting in a higher areal productivity. The attached system achieved 2.8-times higher biomass productivity and total lipid productivity of 9.1 g m-2 day-1and 1.9 g m-2 day-1, respectively, than the suspended system. Biomass productivity can be further increased by optimization of the culture conditions. Moreover, algal biomass harvesting and dewatering were made simpler and cheaper in attached systems, because mesh-type substrates with attached microalgae were easily removed from the culture and the remaining treated wastewater could be discharged directly. When the algal biomass was dewatered using natural sunlight, the palmitic acid (C16:0) content increased by 16% compared with the freeze-drying method. There was no great difference in other fatty acid composition. Therefore, the attached system for algal cultivation is a promising cultivation system for mass biodiesel production.
Keyword
Attached growthBiodieselCultivationMicroalgaeWastewater
ISSN
1017-7825
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1406.06057
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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