Ampelopsis brevipedunculata extract prevents bone loss by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis in Vitro and in Vivo = 개머루덩굴 추출물의 골다공증 저해활성

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Title
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata extract prevents bone loss by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis in Vitro and in Vivo = 개머루덩굴 추출물의 골다공증 저해활성
Author(s)
J Y Kim; S H Park; Hyun-Mee Oh; S C Kwak; J M Baek; M S Lee; Mun Chual Rho; J Oh
Bibliographic Citation
Molecules, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 18465-18478
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
Osteoclasts play a critical role in bone resorbing disorders such as osteoporosis, periodontitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, discovery of agents capable of suppressing osteoclast differentiation may aid the development of a therapeutic access for the treatment of pathological bone loss. Ampelopsis brevipedunculata has been used as herbal folk medicine to treat liver diseases and inflammation in Asia. However, its effects on osteoclast differentiation are unknown. We were aimed to investigate the anti-osteoclastogenic activity in vitro and in vivo and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of Ampelopsis brevipedunculata extract (ABE). In this study, ABE inhibited receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation, the formation of filamentous actin rings and the bone resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts. ABE inhibited RANKL-induced p38 and IκB phosphorylation and IκB degradation. Also, ABE suppressed the mRNA and protein expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) and c-Fos, and the mRNA expression of genes required for cell fusion and bone resorption, such as osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), cathepsin K, dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), β3-integrin and osteoclast stimulatory transmembrane protein (OC-STAMP). Furthermore, results of micro-CT and histologic analysis indicated that ABE remarkably prevented lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced bone erosion. These results demonstrate that ABE prevents LPS-induced bone erosion through inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and function, suggesting the promise of ABE as a potential cure for various osteoclast-associated bone diseases.
Keyword
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata extract (ABE)Bone lossBone resorptionOsteoclast differentiation
ISSN
1420-3049
Publisher
MDPI
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules191118465
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Immunoregulatory materials Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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