Effects of osmolytes on human brain-type creatine kinase folding in dilute solutions and crowding systems

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Effects of osmolytes on human brain-type creatine kinase folding in dilute solutions and crowding systems
Y Q Fan; Jinhyuk Lee; S Oh; H J Liu; C Li; Y S Luan; J M Yang; H M Zhou; Z R Lu; Y L Wang
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 845-858
Publication Year
The effects of osmolytes on the unfolding and refolding process of recombinant human brain-type creatine kinase (rHBCK) were comparatively, quantitatively studied in dilute solutions and macromolecular crowding systems (simulated by 100. g/L polyethylene glycol 2000), respectively. The results showed that the osmolytes, including glycerol, sucrose, dimethylsulfoxide, mannitol, inositol, and xylitol, could both protect the rHBCK from denaturation induced by 0.8. M GdnHCl and aid in the refolding of denatured-rHBCK in macromolecular crowding systems. When we examined the effects of sucrose and xylitol on the parameters of residual activity, reaction kinetics and intrinsic fluorescence of rHBCK during unfolding, it was found that the protecting effects of osmolytes in a macromolecular crowding system were more significant compared with those in a dilute solution, which resulted in more residual activities, protected the conformational changes and greatly decreased the rates of both the fast and slow tracks. Regarding the effects of glycerol, sucrose and mannitol on the denatured-rHBCK refolding parameters of refolding yield, reaction kinetics and aggregation, the results indicated that the osmolytes could alleviate the aggregation of rHBCK during refolding in both dilute solutions and macromolecular crowding systems, and the refolding yields and reaction rates under macromolecular crowding environment could be increased by the addition of osmolytes, though higher yields were obtained in the dilute solution. For further insight, osmolyte docking simulations and rHBCK denaturation were conducted successfully and confirmed our experimental results. The predictions based on the docking simulations suggested that the deactivation of guanidine may be blocked by osmolytes because they share common binding sites on rHBCK, and the higher number of interactions with rHBCK by osmolytes than guanidine may be one of the causes of rHBCK refolding. In brief, the additive effects of the exclusive volume effect from the macromolecular crowding system and the osmophobic effects from the osmolytes resulted in better performance of the osmolytes in a macromolecular crowding system, which also led to a better understanding of protein folding in the intracellular environment.
AggregationHuman brain-type creatine kinaseKineticsMacromolecular crowdingProtein folding
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Division of Biomedical Research > Genome Editing Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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