Clostridium vulturis sp. nov., isolated from the intestine of the cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus)

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Title
Clostridium vulturis sp. nov., isolated from the intestine of the cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus)
Author(s)
Jayoung Paek; M H Lee; B C Kim; B I Sang; W K Paek; Tae Eun Jin; Yeseul Shin; In Soon Park; Young Hyo Chang
Bibliographic Citation
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology, vol. 106, pp. 577-583
Publication Year
2014
Abstract
A Gram-stain positive, strict anaerobe, sp.re-forming, motile rod-shaped bacterial strain with peritrichous flagella, designated YMB-57T, was isolated from the intestine of a cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus) in Korea. StrainYMB-57T was found to show optimal growth at 37°C, pH 7.5 and 1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain YMB-57T belongs to the genus Clostridium and is most closely related to the type strains of Clostridium subterminale (96.9 % sequence similarity), Clostridium thiosulfatireducens (96.7 %) and Clostridium sulfidigenes (96.6 %). The main fermentation end-products identified following growth in PYG medium were acetate, butyrate, ethanol, propanol, carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Peptone was converted to ethanol, and butanol, whereas glucose was fermented to ethanol. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C 16:0, C18:1 ω9c, and C18:1 ω9c DMA and the DNA G+C content was determined to be 34.0 mol%. Phenotypic and phylogenetic differences indicate that strain YMB-57T is distinct from other Clostridium sp.cies. It is proposed that strain YMB-57T be classified as the type strain of a nov.l sp.cies of the genus Clostridium, with the name Clostridium vulturis sp. nov. The type strain is YMB-57T (=KCTC 15114T = JCM 17998T).
Keyword
Clostridium vulturisNovel speciesPolyphasic taxonomyVulture intestine
ISSN
0003-6072
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10482-014-0229-x
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Bio-Infrastructure Policy Support Center > 1. Journal Articles
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