Treatment of IL-21R-Fc control autoimmune arthritis via suppression of STAT3 signal pathway mediated regulation of the Th17/Treg balance and plasma B cells
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- Treatment of IL-21R-Fc control autoimmune arthritis via suppression of STAT3 signal pathway mediated regulation of the Th17/Treg balance and plasma B cells
- J G Ryu; J Lee; E K Kim; H B Seo; J S Park; S Y Lee; Y M Moon; Suk Ho Yoo; Young Woo Park; S H Park; M L Cho; H Y Kim
- Bibliographic Citation
- Immunology Letters, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 143-150
- Publication Year
- Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is a T cell-derived cytokine modulating T cell, B cell, and natural killer cell responses. To determine whether IL-21 contributes to pathologic processes, recombinant IL-21 receptor (R) fusion protein (rhIL-21R-Fc) was examined in mice models of autoimmune arthritis (collagen-induced arthritis). DBA/1J mice were immunized with chicken type II collagen and then treated intraperitoneally with rhIL-21R-Fc, which was initiated after the onset of arthritis symptoms in 20% of the cohort. The mice were assessed 3 times per week for signs of arthritis and histologic features as well as serum immunoglobulin. Cytokine messenger RNA levels in the spleen were also examined. STAT3 phosphorylation is dose dependently activated by IL-21 and inhibited by rhIL-21R-Fc in vitro using T cells. Treatment of DBA/1J mice with rhIL-21R-Fc reduced the clinical and histologic signs of CIA. The IL-17 and STAT3-expressing CD4+ splenocytes dramatically decreased in the rhIL-21R-Fc treated mice. IL-21R-Fc treated mice also decreased the production of IgG, STAT3 phosphorylation, and plasma cell transcription factor (Blimp1). These findings demonstrate a pathogenic role of IL-21 in animal models of RA, suggesting IL-21 as a promising therapeutic target among human RA.
- Autoimmune arthritisIL-21R-FcPlasma cellSTAT3Th17
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