Profiling and characterization of influenza virus N1 strains potentially resistant to multiple neuraminidase inhibitors

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Title
Profiling and characterization of influenza virus N1 strains potentially resistant to multiple neuraminidase inhibitors
Author(s)
Y H Baek; M S Song; Eun Young Lee; Y I Kim; E H Kim; S J Park; K J Park; H I Kwon; P N Q Pascua; G J Lim; S Kim; Sun Woo YoonMyung Hee Kim; R J Webby; Y K Choi
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Virology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 287-299
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
Neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) have been widely used to control influenza virus infection, but their increased use could promote the global emergence of resistant variants. Although various mutations associated with NAI resistance have been identified, the amino acid substitutions that confer multidrug resistance with undiminished viral fitness remain poorly understood. We therefore screened a known mutation(s) that could confer multidrug resistance to the currently approved NAIs oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir by assessing recombinant viruses with mutant NA-encoding genes (catalytic residues R152K and R292K, framework residues E119A/D/G, D198N, H274Y, and N294S) in the backbones of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (pH1N1) and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 viruses. Of the 14 single and double mutant viruses recovered in the backbone of pH1N1, four variants (E119D, E119A/D/G-H274Y) exhibited reduced inhibition by all of the NAIs and two variants (E119D and E119D-H274Y) retained the overall properties of gene stability, replicative efficiency, pathogenicity, and transmissibility in vitro and in vivo. Of the nine recombinant H5N1 viruses, four variants (E119D, E119A/D/G-H274Y) also showed reduced inhibition by all of the NAIs, though their overall viral fitness was impaired in vitro and/or in vivo. Thus, single mutations or certain combination of the established mutations could confer potential multidrug resistance on pH1N1 or HPAI H5N1 viruses. Our findings emphasize the urgency of developing alternative drugs against influenza virus infection.
ISSN
0022-538X
Publisher
Amer Soc Microb
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02485-14
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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