Effects of L-malic acid on alpha-glucosidase: inhibition kinetics and computational molecular dynamics simulations

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Title
Effects of L-malic acid on alpha-glucosidase: inhibition kinetics and computational molecular dynamics simulations
Author(s)
L Gou; Y Zhan; Jinhyuk Lee; X Li; Z R Lu; H M Zhou; H Lu; X Y Wang; Y D Park; J M Yang
Bibliographic Citation
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, vol. 175, no. 4, pp. 2232-2245
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
The inhibitory effect of L-malic acid (MA) on alpha-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.20) was investigated by combination study between inhibition kinetics and computational simulations. The results from the serial kinetics demonstrated that MA could directly inactivate the enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner and a typical non-competitive type, as well as in a fast inactivate process without detectable time course. The tertiary conformation study with an application of spectrofluorimetry showed that MA modulated the tertiary structural conformation of alpha-glucosidase both on the overall and on regional active site pocket, which monitored by red-shift intrinsic fluorescence peak with decreases intensities, and the significant intensity increasing of 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS)-binding fluorescence, respectively. To have more insight, we also adapted the computational molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results showed that MA was located in the entrance of active pocket for the catalytic reaction and blocked the passage of substrate. It confirmed that MA inhibits as a non-competitive type, not direct docking to the glucose binding site. Our study provides important molecular mechanisms to figure out alpha-glucosidase inhibition that might associate to development of type 2 diabetes mellitus drug.
Keyword
Alpha-glucosidaseInhibitionMalic acid
ISSN
0273-2289
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-014-1429-6
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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