1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (EC-18) modulates Th2 immunity through attenuation of IL-4 expression

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Title
1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (EC-18) modulates Th2 immunity through attenuation of IL-4 expression
Author(s)
S Y Yoon; Ho Bum Kang; Young Eun Go; Su Hyun Shin; Young-Jun Kim; K Y Sohn; Y H Han; S Chong; Jae Wha Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Immune Network, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 100-109
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
Controlling balance between T-helper type 1 (Th1) and T-helper type 2 (Th2) plays a pivotal role in maintaining the biological rhythm of Th1/Th2 and circumventing diseases caused by Th1/Th2 imbalance. Interleukin 4 (IL-4) is a Th2-type cytokine and often associated with hypersensitivity- related diseases such as atopic dermatitis and allergies when overexpressed. In this study, we have tried to elucidate the function of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (EC-18) as an essential modulator of Th1/Th2 balance. EC-18 has showed an inhibitory effect on the production of IL-4 in a dose-dependent manner. RT-PCR analysis has proved EC-18 affect the transcription of IL-4. By analyzing the phosphorylation status of Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6), which is a transcriptional activator of IL-4 expression, we discovered that EC-18 induced the decrease of STAT6 activity in several stimulated cell lines, which was also showed in STAT6 reporter analysis. Co-treatment of EC-18 significantly weakened atopy-like phenotypes in mice treated with an allergen. Collectively, our results suggest that EC-18 is a potent Th2 modulating factor by regulating the transcription of IL-4 via STAT6 modulation, and could be developed for immune-modulatory therapeutics.
Keyword
EC-18Th2 modulatorIL-4STAT6
ISSN
I000-0135
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4110/in.2015.15.2.100
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Cell Factory Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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