Peroxiredoxin 4 as an independent prognostic marker for survival in patients with early-stage lung squamous cell carcinoma

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Peroxiredoxin 4 as an independent prognostic marker for survival in patients with early-stage lung squamous cell carcinoma
J A Hwang; J S Song; Dae Yeul Yu; H R Kim; H J Park; Y S Park; W S Kim; C M Choi
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 6627-6635
Publication Year
Objectives: Peroxiredoxin 4 (Prx 4) is a newly emerging antioxidant protein that has been studied in several human cancers. Recently, it was revealed that Prx 4 is highly expressed in human lung cancer and is needed for the promotion of lung cancer progression in vitro. However, there are no clinical data regarding the association of Prx 4 and prognosis in lung cancer. Materials and methods: The Prx 4 expression state as a prognostic indicator was assessed by immunohistochemical staining in 142 patients with stage II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had undergone curative surgery between 2006 and 2010. The association between the degree of Prx 4 expression and several clinicopathologic parameters was then evaluated by statistical analyses. Results: The degree of Prx 4 expression was associated with histology and recurrence in the overall NSCLC patient group, with the proportion of patients with positive Prx 4 expression significantly higher for the adenocarcinoma subtype (39/70, 56%) than the squamous cell carcinoma subtype (23/72, 32%) (P = 0.004). However, when subgroup analyses according to histopathology were performed in terms of recurrence, positive Prx 4 expression was significantly correlated with higher recurrence rates (P = 0.003) and shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.003, hazard ratio = 3.910) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma. In contrast, no meaningful relationship was observed between the level of Prx 4 expression and DFS in the adenocarcinoma subgroup. Conclusion: Positive Prx 4 expression is significantly correlated with recurrence and shorter DFS in patients with early-stage lung squamous cell carcinoma.
ImmunohistochemistryLung cancerPeroxiredoxin
E-Century Publishing Corp
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