MRI for Crohn's disease : present and future

Cited 14 time in scopus
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Title
MRI for Crohn's disease : present and future
Author(s)
K Yoon; Kyu Tae Chang; H J Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Biomed Research International, vol. 2015, pp. 786802-786802
Publication Year
2015
Abstract
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory condition with relapsing-remitting behavior, often causing strictures or penetrating bowel damage. Its lifelong clinical course necessitates frequent assessment of disease activity and complications. Computed tomography (CT) enterography has been used as primary imaging modality; however, the concern for radiation hazard limits its use especially in younger population. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has advantages of avoiding radiation exposure, lower incidence of adverse events, ability to obtain dynamic information, and good soft-tissue resolution. MR enterography (MRE) with oral contrast agent has been used as primary MR imaging modality of CD with high sensitivity, specificity, and interobserver agreement. The extent of inflammation as well as transmural ulcers and fibrostenotic diseases can be detected with MRE. Novel MR techniques such as diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI), motility study, PET-MRI, and molecular imaging are currently investigated for further improvement of diagnosis and management of CD. MR spectroscopy is a remarkable molecular imaging tool to analyze metabolic profile of CD with human samples such as plasma, urine, or feces, as well as colonic mucosa itself.
ISSN
2314-6133
Publisher
Hindawi Ltd
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/786802
Type
Article
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1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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