Azorella compacta methanolic extract induces apoptosis via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase

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Azorella compacta methanolic extract induces apoptosis via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase
Min Hee Sung; Ok-Kyoung KwonSei-Ryang Oh; J Lee; S H Park; S B Han; Kyung Seop Ahn
Bibliographic Citation
Molecular Medicine Reports, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 6821-6828
Publication Year
Azorella compacta Phil. (AC) is an alpine medicinal plant used traditionally for antibacterial treatment. Recent studies have revealed that this plant also has anti-diabetic effects, but that it is toxic. The present study investigated the underlying mechanisms of action of AC extract against human leukemia HL60 cells. Apoptosis induction was measured by MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, DNA fragmentation assay, flow cytometric analysis, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. It was found that AC extract inhibited the growth of HL60 and other cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. The cytotoxic effects of AC extract on HL60 cells were associated with apoptosis characterized by DNA fragmentation and dose-dependent increases in Annexin V-positive cells, as determined by flow cytometric analysis. AC-extract-induced apoptosis was accompanied by activated/cleaved caspase-3, caspase-9 and poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP). The increases in apoptosis were also associated with decreases of the apoptosis-inhibitor B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2-associated X (Bax) protein and downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl extra large protein. Furthermore, western blot analysis of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-associated proteins indicated that treatment with AC extract increased the levels of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38. In addition, the expression of Bax and cleaved PARP was blocked when AC treatment was performed in the presence of MAPK inhibitors. It was therefore concluded that AC induced apoptosis in human leukemia HL60 cells via an intrinsic pathway controlled through MAPK-associated signaling.
ApoptosisAzorella compactaHL60Intrinsic pathwayMitogen-activated protein kinase
Spandidos Publ Ltd
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Ochang Branch Institute > Division of National Bio-Infrastructure > Bio-Resource Central Bank > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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