Shiga toxins activate the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway to promote both production of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1-beta and apoptotic cell death = 병원성 시가독소에 의한 싸이토카인 증가유도 NLRP3 염증체의 활성화와 세포괴사

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Title
Shiga toxins activate the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway to promote both production of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1-beta and apoptotic cell death = 병원성 시가독소에 의한 싸이토카인 증가유도 NLRP3 염증체의 활성화와 세포괴사
Author(s)
Moo Seung Lee; Haenaem Kwon; Eun Young Lee; D J Kim; J H Park; V L Tesh; Tae Kwang Oh; Myung Hee Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Infection and Immunity, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 172-186
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Shiga toxin (Stx)-mediated immune responses, including the production of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), may exacerbate vascular damage and accelerate lethality. However, the immune signaling pathway activated in response to Stx is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that enzymatically active Stx, which leads to ribotoxic stress, triggers NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent caspase-1 activation and IL-1β secretion in differentiated macrophage- like THP-1 (D-THP-1) cells. The treatment of cells with a chemical inhibitor of glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, which suppresses the expression of the Stx receptor globotriaosylceramide and subsequent endocytosis of the toxin, substantially blocked activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and processing of caspase-1 and IL-1β. Processing and release of both caspase-1 and IL-1β were significantly reduced or abolished in Stx-intoxicated D-THP-1 cells in which the expression of NLRP3 or ASC was stably knocked down. Furthermore, Stx mediated the activation of caspases involved in apoptosis in an NLRP3- or ASC-dependent manner. In Stx-intoxicated cells, the NLRP3 inflammasome triggered the activation of caspase-8/3, leading to the initiation of apoptosis, in addition to caspase-1-dependent pyroptotic cell death. Taken together, these results suggest that Stxs trigger the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway to release proinflammatory IL-1β as well as to promote apoptotic cell death.
ISSN
0019-9567
Publisher
Amer Soc Microb
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.01095-15
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Environmental diseases research center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Metabolic Regulation Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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