Root exudation by aphid leaf infestation recruits root-associated Paenibacillus spp. to lead plant insect susceptibility

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Root exudation by aphid leaf infestation recruits root-associated Paenibacillus spp. to lead plant insect susceptibility
Bora Kim; Geun Cheol Song; Choong-Min Ryu
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 549-557
Publication Year
Aphids are a large group of hemipteran pests that affect the physiology, growth, and development of plants by using piercing mouthparts to consume fluids from the host. Based an recent data, aphids modulate the microbiomes of plants and thereby affect the overall outcome of the biological interaction. However, in a few reports, aboveground aphids manipulate the metabolism of the host and facilitate infestations by rhizosphere bacteria (rhizobacteria). In this study, we evaluated whether aphids alter the plant resistance that is mediated by the bacterial community of the root system. The rhizobacteria were affected by aphid infestation of pepper, and a large population of gram-positive bacteria was detected. Notably, Paenibacillus spp. were the unique gram-positive bacteria to respond to changes induced by the aphids. Paenibacillus polymyxa E681 was used as a rhizobacterium model to assess the recruitment of bacteria to the rhizosphere by the phloem-sucking of aphids and to test the effect of P. polymyxa on the susceptibility of plants to aphids. The root exudates secreted from peppers infested with aphids increased the growth rate of P. polymyxa E681. The application of P. polymyxa E681 to pepper roots promoted the colonization of aphids within 2 days of inoculation. Collectively, our results suggest that aphid infestation modulated the root exudation, which led to the recruitment of rhizobacteria that manipulated the resistance of peppers to aphids. In this study, new information is provided on how the infestation of insects is facilitated through insect-derived modulation of plant resistance with the attraction of gram-positive rhizobacteria.
Gram-positive rhizobacteriaMyzus persicaePaenibacillus spp.Root exudateTritrophic interaction
Korea Soc-Assoc-Inst
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Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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