Protective effects of P2X7 receptor deletion on aging-related memory alterations

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Title
Protective effects of P2X7 receptor deletion on aging-related memory alterations
Author(s)
S R Lee; W H Cho; Jae-Ran Lee; J S Han
Bibliographic Citation
Genes & Genomics, vol. 38, pp. 459-465
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Neuroinflammation is one of the factors implicated in cognitive aging. Recent studies have shown that the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a major inflammatory regulator in microglia. The present study examined the effects of deletion of P2X7R on cognitive aging. Cognitive status was examined in 5-month-old (young) and 11- to 14-month-old (middle-aged) mice with P2X7R deletion (P2X7R knockout (KO)), and in age-matched control wild type mice, using the Morris water maze task. No differences were observed between the performances of young control mice and young P2X7R KO mice in the Morris water maze task. However, middle-aged P2X7R KO mice demonstrated better performance than middle-aged control mice. No differences were observed in hippocampal interleukin-1β levels and the number of microglial cells in the cornus ammonis (CA1) region of the hippocampus during microglial activation in young and middle-aged P2X7R KO mice, and control mice. Hippocampal levels of the inhibitory form of glycogen synthase kinase-3β were lower in young control mice than in mice in the other groups. These results suggest that the inhibition of P2X7R might have beneficial effects on aging-related cognitive impairments.
Keyword
GSK3-βInflammationMemoryMicrogliaP2X7 receptor
ISSN
1976-9571
Publisher
Springer
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13258-016-0396-4
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Rare Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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