Disease management in road trees and pepper plants by foliar application of Bacillus spp. = Bacillus spp. 엽면살포에 의한 가로수 및 고추의 병 방제

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Title
Disease management in road trees and pepper plants by foliar application of Bacillus spp. = Bacillus spp. 엽면살포에 의한 가로수 및 고추의 병 방제
Author(s)
Joon-Hui Chung; Choong-Min Ryu
Bibliographic Citation
Research in Plant Disease, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 81-93
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Out of plant-associated bacteria, certain plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) have been reported to increase plant growth and productivity and to elicit induced resistance against plant pathogens. In this study, our objective was to broaden the range of applications of leaf-colonizing PGPB for foliar parts of road tress and pepper. Total 1,056 isolates of endospore-forming bacteria from tree phylloplanes were collected and evaluated for the enzymatic activities including protease, lipase, and chitinase and antifungal capacities against two fungal pathogens, Colletotrichum graminicola and Botrytis cinerea. Fourteen isolates classified as members of the bacilli group displayed the capacity to colonize pepper leaves after spraying inoculation. Three strains, 5B6, 8D4, and 8G12, and the mixtures were employed to evaluate growth promotion, yield increase and defence responses under field condition. Additionally, foliar application of bacterial preparation was applied to the road tress in Yuseong, Daejeon, South Korea, resulted in increase of chlorophyll contents and leaf thickness, compared with non-treated control. The foliar application of microbial preparation reduced brown shot-hole disease of Prunus serrulata L. and advanced leaf abscission in Ginkgo biloba L. Collectively, our results suggest that leaf-colonizing bacteria provide potential microbial agents to increase the performance of woody plants such as tree and pepper through spray application.
Keyword
Brown shot-hole diseaseFoliar applicationPhyllospherePlant growth-promoting bacteriaWoody plant
ISSN
I000-0161
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/RPD.2016.22.2.81
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Research on National Challenges > Infectious Disease Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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