Biophysical characterization of the structural change of Nopp140, an intrinsically disordered protein, in the interaction with CK2α

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Title
Biophysical characterization of the structural change of Nopp140, an intrinsically disordered protein, in the interaction with CK2α
Author(s)
J H Na; W K Lee; Y Kim; C Jeong; S S Song; S S Cha; Kyou Hoon Han; Y K Shin; Y G Yu
Bibliographic Citation
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 477, no. 2, pp. 181-187
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Nucleolar phosphoprotein 140 (Nopp140) is a nucleolar protein, more than 80% of which is disordered. Previous studies have shown that the C-terminal region of Nopp140 (residues 568-596) interacts with protein kinase CK2α, and inhibits the catalytic activity of CK2. Although the region of Nopp140 responsible for the interaction with CK2α was identified, the structural features and the effect of this interaction on the structure of Nopp140 have not been defined due to the difficulty of structural characterization of disordered protein. In this study, the disordered feature of Nopp140 and the effect of CK2α on the structure of Nopp140 were examined using single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The interaction with CK2α was increased conformational rigidity of the CK2α-interacting region of Nopp140 (Nopp140C), suggesting that the disordered and flexible conformation of Nopp140C became more rigid conformation as it binds to CK2α. In addition, site specific spin labeling and EPR analysis confirmed that the residues 574-589 of Nopp140 are critical for binding to CK2α. Similar technical approaches can be applied to analyze the conformational changes in other IDPs during their interactions with binding partners.
Keyword
Casein kinase 2Electron para-magnetic resonanceIntrinsically disordered proteinNopp140Single-molecule FRETStructural diversity
ISSN
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.06.040
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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