Ethylene induced a high accumulation of dietary isoflavones and expression of isoflavonoid biosynthetic genes in soybean (Glycine max) leaves
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- Ethylene induced a high accumulation of dietary isoflavones and expression of isoflavonoid biosynthetic genes in soybean (Glycine max) leaves
- H J Yuk; Y H Song; M J Curtis-Long; D W Kim; Su Gyeong Woo; Y B Lee; Z Uddin; Cha Young Kim; K H Park
- Bibliographic Citation
- Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 64, pp. 7315-7324
- Publication Year
- Dietary isoflavones, daidzein and genistein are of huge interest in the nutraceutical field due to their practical application to postmenopause complications. This study is the first report an efficient method to prepare isoflavone rich soybean leaves (soyleaves) which is an edible food stuff in Asian countries. The preharvest treatment of ethylene highly stimulated the level of isoflavone in soyleaves. Annotation and quantification of metabolites were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and HPLC. Phenolic metabolites of soyleaves are mostly kaempferol glycosides, but not dietary isoflavones. The accumulated isoflavones by ethylene treatment were determined to be daidzin 1, genistin 2, malonyldaidzin 3 and malonylgenistin 4, which were easily hydrolyzed to daidzein and genistein by β-glucosidase. Total content of dietary isoflavones was increased up to 13854 μg/g. The most suitable condition was estimated to be 250 μg/g ethylene or 200 μg/g ethephon (ethylene donor) treatment at the R3 growth stage. The ratio of daidzein and genistein glycosides was approximately 5 to 3. The accumulated isoflavonoid biosynthesis pathway genes were identified within the transcriptome of soyleaves tissues at 1 day after treatment of ethephon. The quantitative RT-PCR analysis of these genes indicated significantly higher expression of CHS, CHI, IFS, HID, IF7GT, and IF7MaT compared to control leaves. These findings suggest that ethylene activates a set of structural genes involved in isoflavonoid biosynthesis, thereby leading to enhanced production of isoflavones in soybean plants.
- daidzeindietary isoflavonesethylenegenisteinisoflavonoid biosynthetic genessoybean leaves
- Amer Chem Soc
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- Jeonbuk Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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