Ethylene induced a high accumulation of dietary isoflavones and expression of isoflavonoid biosynthetic genes in soybean (Glycine max) leaves

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Title
Ethylene induced a high accumulation of dietary isoflavones and expression of isoflavonoid biosynthetic genes in soybean (Glycine max) leaves
Author(s)
H J Yuk; Y H Song; M J Curtis-Long; D W Kim; Su Gyeong Woo; Y B Lee; Z Uddin; Cha Young Kim; K H Park
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 64, pp. 7315-7324
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Dietary isoflavones, daidzein and genistein are of huge interest in the nutraceutical field due to their practical application to postmenopause complications. This study is the first report an efficient method to prepare isoflavone rich soybean leaves (soyleaves) which is an edible food stuff in Asian countries. The preharvest treatment of ethylene highly stimulated the level of isoflavone in soyleaves. Annotation and quantification of metabolites were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and HPLC. Phenolic metabolites of soyleaves are mostly kaempferol glycosides, but not dietary isoflavones. The accumulated isoflavones by ethylene treatment were determined to be daidzin 1, genistin 2, malonyldaidzin 3 and malonylgenistin 4, which were easily hydrolyzed to daidzein and genistein by β-glucosidase. Total content of dietary isoflavones was increased up to 13854 μg/g. The most suitable condition was estimated to be 250 μg/g ethylene or 200 μg/g ethephon (ethylene donor) treatment at the R3 growth stage. The ratio of daidzein and genistein glycosides was approximately 5 to 3. The accumulated isoflavonoid biosynthesis pathway genes were identified within the transcriptome of soyleaves tissues at 1 day after treatment of ethephon. The quantitative RT-PCR analysis of these genes indicated significantly higher expression of CHS, CHI, IFS, HID, IF7GT, and IF7MaT compared to control leaves. These findings suggest that ethylene activates a set of structural genes involved in isoflavonoid biosynthesis, thereby leading to enhanced production of isoflavones in soybean plants.
Keyword
daidzeindietary isoflavonesethylenegenisteinisoflavonoid biosynthetic genessoybean leaves
ISSN
0021-8561
Publisher
Amer Chem Soc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b02543
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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