Osteoprotective effects of polysaccharide-enriched Hizikia fusiforme processing byproduct in vitro and in vivo models

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Title
Osteoprotective effects of polysaccharide-enriched Hizikia fusiforme processing byproduct in vitro and in vivo models
Author(s)
Y T Jjeong; S H Baek; S C Jeong; Yeo Dae Yoon; O H Kim; B C Oh; J W Jung; J H Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 805-814
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
The traditional manufacturing method used to produce goods from Hizikia fusiforme, utilizes extraction steps with hot water. The byproduct (of hot water extraction) is rich in polysaccharide and is considered a waste. To evaluate the osteogenic effects of the byproduct of H. fusiforme (HFB), osteogenic cells and animal models were used to test it effects on osteogenesis. The HFB-treated mouse myoblast C2C12 cells exhibited significant dose dependently elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and slightly increased bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). HFB also suppressed the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and TRAP staining in the bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) cells that had been stimulated with the receptor activator of the nuclear factor kB ligand/macrophage colony-stimulating factor kB ligand. In addition, HFB also increased the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (p-ERK) level. Finally, osteogenic effects of HFB were clearly confirmed in the three in vivo models: zebrafish, ovariectomized mice, and mouse calvarial bones. HFB accelerated the rate of skeletal development in zebrafish and prevented much of the mouse femoral bone density loss of ovariectomized mice. Moreover, HFB enhanced woven bone formation over the periosteum of mouse calvarial bones. Our result showed that HFB functions as a bone resorption inhibitor as well as an activator of bone formation in vivo and in osteogenic in vitro cell systems
Keyword
Hizikia fusiformeosteoblastosteoclastovariectomized micezebrafish
ISSN
1096-620X
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2015.3646
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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