ASXL2 promotes proliferation of breast cancer cells by linking ER alpha to histone methylation

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Title
ASXL2 promotes proliferation of breast cancer cells by linking ER alpha to histone methylation
Author(s)
U H Park; Moo Rim Kang; E J Kim; Y S Kwon; W Hur; S K Yoon; B J Song; J H Park; J T Hwang; J C Jeong; S J Um
Bibliographic Citation
Oncogene, vol. 35, no. 28, pp. 3742-3752
Publication Year
2016
Abstract
Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) has a pivotal role in breast carcinogenesis by associating with various cellular factors. Selective expression of additional sex comb-like 2 (ASXL2) in ERα-positive breast cancer cells prompted us to investigate its role in chromatin modification required for ERα activation and breast carcinogenesis. Here, we observed that ASXL2 interacts with ligand E2-bound ERα and mediates ERα activation. Chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing analysis supports a positive role of ASXL2 at ERα target gene promoters. ASXL2 forms a complex with histone methylation modifiers including LSD1, UTX and MLL2, which all are recruited to the E2-responsive genes via ASXL2 and regulate methylations at histone H3 lysine 4, 9 and 27. The preferential binding of the PHD finger of ASXL2 to the dimethylated H3 lysine 4 may account for its requirement for ERα activation. On ASXL2 depletion, the proliferative potential of MCF7 cells and tumor size of xenograft mice decreased. Together with our finding on the higher ASXL2 expression in ERα-positive patients, we propose that ASXL2 could be a novel prognostic marker in breast cancer.
ISSN
0950-9232
Publisher
Springer-Nature Pub Group
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/onc.2015.443
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Articles > Journal Articles
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