Platelet shape changes and cytoskeleton dynamics as novel therapeutic targets for anti-thrombotic drugs

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Title
Platelet shape changes and cytoskeleton dynamics as novel therapeutic targets for anti-thrombotic drugs
Author(s)
E K Shin; H Park; Ji Yoon Noh; K M Lim; J H Chung
Bibliographic Citation
Biomolecules & Therapeutics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 223-230
Publication Year
2017
Abstract
Platelets play an essential role in hemostasis through aggregation and adhesion to vascular injury sites but their unnecessary activation can often lead to thrombotic diseases. Upon exposure to physical or biochemical stimuli, remarkable platelet shape changes precede aggregation or adhesion. Platelets shape changes facilitate the formation and adhesion of platelet aggregates, but are readily reversible in contrast to the irrevocable characteristics of aggregation and adhesion. In this dynamic phenomenon, complex molecular signaling pathways and a host of diverse cytoskeleton proteins are involved. Platelet shape change is easily primed by diverse pro-thrombotic xenobiotics and stimuli, and its inhibition can modulate thrombosis, which can ultimately contribute to the development or prevention of thrombotic diseases. In this review, we discussed the current knowledge on the mechanisms of platelet shape change and also pathological implications and therapeutic opportunities for regulating the related cytoskeleton dynamics
Keyword
AdhesionAggregationCytoskeleton dynamicsPlatelet shape changesThrombosis
ISSN
1976-9148
Publisher
South Korea
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4062/biomolther.2016.138
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Immunotherapy Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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