Modelling APOE epsilon 3/4 allele-associated sporadic Alzheimer's disease in an induced neuron

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Modelling APOE epsilon 3/4 allele-associated sporadic Alzheimer's disease in an induced neuron
H Kim; J Yoo; J Shin; Y Chang; J Jung; D G Jo; Janghwan Kim; W Jang; C J Lengner; B S Kim; J Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Brain, vol. 140, no. 8, pp. 2193-2209
Publication Year
The recent generation of induced neurons by direct lineage conversion holds promise for in vitro modelling of sporadic Alzheimer's disease. Here, we report the generation of induced neuron-based model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease in mice and humans, and used this system to explore the pathogenic mechanisms resulting from the sporadic Alzheimer's disease risk factor apolipoprotein E (APOE) ?3/4 allele. We show that mouse and human induced neurons overexpressing mutant amyloid precursor protein in the background of APOE ?3/4 allele exhibit altered amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing, abnormally increased production of amyloid-β42 and hyperphosphorylation of tau. Importantly, we demonstrate that APOE ?3/4 patient induced neuron culture models can faithfully recapitulate molecular signatures seen in APOE ?3/4-associated sporadic Alzheimer's disease patients. Moreover, analysis of the gene network derived from APOE ?3/4 patient induced neurons reveals a strong interaction between APOE ?3/4 and another Alzheimer's disease risk factor, desmoglein 2 (DSG2). Knockdown of DSG2 in APOE ?3/4 induced neurons effectively rescued defective APP processing, demonstrating the functional importance of this interaction. These data provide a direct connection between APOE ?3/4 and another Alzheimer's disease susceptibility gene and demonstrate in proof of principle the utility of induced neuron-based modelling of Alzheimer's disease for therapeutic discovery.
APOEAPPAlzheimer’s diseaseamyloid-βneuroprotection
Oxford Univ Press
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Division of Research on National Challenges > Stem Cell Convergenece Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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