Sphingomonas limnosediminicola sp. nov. and Sphingomonas palustris sp. nov., isolated from freshwater environments

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Sphingomonas limnosediminicola sp. nov. and Sphingomonas palustris sp. nov., isolated from freshwater environments
J H Lee; D I Kim; Han Na Choe; S D Lee; C N Seong
Bibliographic Citation
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 2834-2841
Publication Year
Two aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, gliding and yellow-pigmented bacteria, designated strains 03SUJ6T and WM95T were isolated from freshwater sediment of Juam reservoir and freshwater of Woopo wetland, Republic of Korea, respectively. Cells of the two strains are motile by gliding and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between 03SUJ6T and WM95T was 97.7 %, but their DNA?DNA relatedness was 55.1 %. A maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that 03SUJ6T and WM95T each form independent lineages within the genus Sphingomonas. 03SUJ6T was related distantly to Sphingomonas daechungensis CH15-11T (97.4% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Sphingomonas ginsengisoli Gsoil 634T (97.3 %) and Sphingomonas astaxanthinifaciens DMS 22298T (97.1 %). Closest relatives of strain WM95T were S. daechungensis CH15-11T (98.2 %), Sphingomonas jaspsi DSM 18422T (97.6 %), Sphingomonas sediminicola Dae 20T (97.5 %), Sphingomonas lutea JS5T (97.4 %) and S. ginsengisoli Gsoil 634T (97.2 %). The major fatty acids of the two isolates were summed feature 8 and C16: 0. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. sym-Homospermidine was the major polyamine of the isolates. Phenotypic characteristics distinguished 03SUJ6T and WM95T from the related species of the genus Sphingomonas. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, the novel species, Sphingomonas limnosediminicola sp. nov. and Sphingomonas palustris sp. nov. are proposed for strain 03SUJ6T (=KCTC 23331T=JCM 17543T) and strain WM95T (=KACC 18738T=JCM 31399T), respectively
FreshwaterSphingomonas limnosediminicolaSphingomonas palustrisSym-Homospermidine
Microbiology Soc
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Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Biological Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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