Platelet dense granules begin to selectively accumulate mepacrine during proplatelet formation

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Title
Platelet dense granules begin to selectively accumulate mepacrine during proplatelet formation
Author(s)
H A Hanby; J Bao; Ji Yoon Noh; D Jarocha; M Poncz; M J Weiss; M S Marks
Bibliographic Citation
Blood Advances, vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 1478-1490
Publication Year
2017
Abstract
Platelet dense granules (DGs) are storage organelles for calcium ions, small organic molecules such as ADP and serotonin, and larger polyphosphates that are secreted upon platelet stimulation to enhance platelet activation, adhesion, and stabilization at sites of vascular damage. DGs are thought to fully mature within megakaryocytes (MKs) prior to platelet formation. Here we challenge this notion by exploiting vital fluorescent dyes to distinguish mildly acidic DGs from highly acidic compartments by microscopy in platelets and MKs. In isolated primary mouse platelets, compartments labeled by mepacrine - a fluorescent weak base that accumulates in DGs - are readily distinguishable from highly acidic compartments, likely lysosomes, that are labeled by the acidic pH indicator, LysoTracker, and from endolysosomes and alpha granules labeled by internalized and partially digested DQ™ BSA. By contrast, in murine fetal liver- and human CD34+ cell-derived MKs and the megakaryocytoid cell lines, MEG-01 and differentiated G1ME2, labeling by mepacrine overlapped nearly completely with labeling by LysoTracker and partially with labeling by DQ™ BSA. Mepacrine labeling in G1ME2-derived MKs was fully sensitive to proton ATPase inhibitors, but was only partially sensitive in platelets. These data indicate that mepacrine in MKs accumulates as a weak base in endolysosomes but is likely pumped into or retained in separate DGs in platelets. Fluorescent puncta that labeled uniquely for mepacrine were first evident in G1ME2-derived proplatelets, suggesting that DGs undergo a maturation step that initiates in the final stages of MK differentiation.
ISSN
2473-9529
Publisher
Amer Soc Hematology
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2017006726
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomedical Research > Immunotherapy Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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