Quisqualis indica improves benign prostatic hyperplasia by regulating prostate cell proliferation and apoptosis

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Title
Quisqualis indica improves benign prostatic hyperplasia by regulating prostate cell proliferation and apoptosis
Author(s)
C U B Wijerathne; H S Park; H Y Jeong; J W Song; Og Sung Moon; Young Won SeoYoung Suk Won; H Y Son; J H Lim; S H Yeon; H J Kwun
Bibliographic Citation
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2125-2133
Publication Year
2017
Abstract
Quisqualis indica (QI) has been used for treating disorders such as stomach pain, constipation, and digestion problem. This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of QI extract on treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in LNCaP human prostate cancer cell line and a testosterone-induced BPH rat model. LNCaP cells were treated with QI plus testosterone propionate (TP), and androgen receptor (AR) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) expression levels were assessed by Western blotting. To induce BPH, the rats were subjected to a daily subcutaneous injection of TP (3mg/kg) for 4 weeks. The rats in treatment group were orally gavaged with QI (150mg/kg) together with the TP injection. In-vitro studies showed that TP-induced increases in AR and PSA expression in LNCaP cells were reduced by QI treatment. In BPH-model rats, the prostate weight, testosterone in serum, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) concentration and 5α-reductase type 2 mRNA expression in prostate tissue were significantly reduced following the treatment with QI. TP-induced prostatic hyperplasia and the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and cyclin D1 were significantly attenuated in QI-treated rats. In addition, QI induced apoptosis by up-regulating cas-pase-3 and -9 activity and decreasing the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) ratio in prostate tissues of BPH rats. Further investigation showed that TP-induced activation of AKT and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) was reduced by QI administration. Therefore, our findings suggest that QI attenuates the BPH state in rats through anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities and might be useful in the clinical treatment of BPH
Keyword
Benign prostatic hyperplasiaDihydrotestosteroneQuisqualis indicaTestosterone
ISSN
0918-6158
Publisher
Pharmaceutical Soc Japan
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.b17-00468
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Ochang Branch Institute > Division of Bioinfrastructure > Laboratory Animal Resource Center > 1. Journal Articles
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