Piscroside C inhibits TNF-α/NF-κB pathway by the suppression of PKCδ activity for TNF-RSC formation in human airway epithelial cells

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Piscroside C inhibits TNF-α/NF-κB pathway by the suppression of PKCδ activity for TNF-RSC formation in human airway epithelial cells
Su Ui Lee; Seoghyun Lee; H Ro; Ji Hee Choi; Hyung Won RyuMun-Ock Kim; Heung Joo Yuk; Jinhyuk Lee; S T Hong; Sei-Ryang Oh
Bibliographic Citation
Phytomedicine, vol. 40, pp. 148-157
Publication Year
Background: Piscroside C, isolated from Pseudolysimachion rotundum var. subintegrum, is a novel iridoid glycoside with therapeutic efficacy in a mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Piscroside C has been reported as a constituent of YPL-001 (under Phase 2a study, ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02272634). Purpose: To investigate the mechanisms behind piscroside C therapeutic effects on COPD in human airway epithelial NCI-H292 cells. Methods: We tested if piscroside C effectively suppresses MUC5AC gene expression and TNF-RSC/IKK/NF-κB cascades in TNF-α-stimulated NCI-H292 cells by employing, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, luciferase reporter assays, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and immunoprecipitation. Results: Piscroside C markedly suppressed the expression of TNF-α-induced MUC5AC mucus protein by inhibiting the transcriptional activity of NF-κB in NCI-H292 cells. Indeed, piscroside C negatively regulated the function of TNF receptor 1 signaling complex (TNF-RSC, an upstream regulator of the NF-κB pathway) without affecting its extracellular interaction with the TNF-α ligand. This inhibitory effect by piscroside C is mediated by the inactivation of protein kinase C (PKC), an essential regulator of TNF-RSC. PKC inactivation by piscroside C results in decreased PKCδ binding to a TRAF2 subunit of TNF-RSC and subsequent reduced IKK phosphorylation, resulting in NF-κB inactivation. Conclusion: We propose that piscroside C is a promising therapeutic constituent of YPL-001 through its inhibition of PKCδ activity in the TNF-RSC/IKK/NF-κB/MUC5AC signaling cascade
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseMucin 5ACNF-κBPiscroside CProtein kinase CTNF-α
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Ochang Branch Institute > Natural Product Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Biomedical Research > Disease Target Structure Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
Ochang Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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