Profiling of the major phenolic compounds and their biosynthesis genes in Sophora flavescens Aiton

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Title
Profiling of the major phenolic compounds and their biosynthesis genes in Sophora flavescens Aiton
Author(s)
Jeongyeo Lee; Jaeeun Jung; Seung Hyun Son; Hyun Bi Kim; Young-Hee Noh; Sung Ran MinKun Hyang ParkDae Soo Kim; Sang Un Park; Haeng Soon Lee; Cha Young KimHyun Soon Kim; Hyeong Kyu Lee; Hyeran Kim
Bibliographic Citation
Scientific World Journal, vol. 2018, pp. 6218430-6218430
Publication Year
2018
Abstract
Sophorae Radix (Sophora flavescens Aiton) has long been used in traditional medicine in East Asia due to the various biological activities of its secondary metabolites. Endogenous contents of phenolic compounds (phenolic acid, flavonol, and isoflavone) and the main bioactive compounds of Sophorae Radix were analyzed based on the qualitative HPLC analysis and evaluated in different organs and at different developmental stages. In total, 11 compounds were detected, and the composition of the roots and aerial parts (leaves, stems, and flowers) was significantly different. trans-Cinnamic acid and p-coumaric acid were observed only in the aerial parts. Large amounts of rutin and maackiain were detected in the roots. Four phenolic acid compounds (benzoic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and chlorogenic acid) and four flavonol compounds (kaempferol, catechin hydrate, epicatechin, and rutin) were higher in aerial parts than in roots. To identify putative genes involved in phenolic compounds biosynthesis, a total of 41 transcripts were investigated. Expression patterns of these selected genes, as well as the multiple isoforms for the genes, varied by organ and developmental stage, implying that they are involved in the biosynthesis of various phenolic compounds both spatially and temporally
ISSN
2356-6140
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6218430
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Division of Biomaterials Research > Plant Systems Engineering Research > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Bio Technology Innovation > Core Facility Management Center > 1. Journal Articles
Division of Research on National Challenges > Environmental diseases research center > 1. Journal Articles
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > 1. Journal Articles
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