The N-recognin UBR4 of the N-end rule pathway is required for neurogenesis and homeostasis of cell surface proteins

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The N-recognin UBR4 of the N-end rule pathway is required for neurogenesis and homeostasis of cell surface proteins
S T Kim; Y J Lee; T Tasaki; Joonsung Hwang; M J Kang; E C Yi; Bo Yeon Kim; Y T Kwon
Bibliographic Citation
PLoS One, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. e0202260-e0202260
Publication Year
The N-end rule pathway is a proteolytic system in which single N-terminal amino acids of proteins act as a class of degrons (N-degrons) that determine the half-lives of proteins. We have previously identified a family of mammals N-recognins (termed UBR1, UBR2, UBR4/p600, and UBR5/EDD) whose conserved UBR boxes bind N-degrons to facilitate substrate ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Amongst these N-recognins, UBR1 and UBR2 mediate ubiquitination and proteolysis of short-lived regulators and misfolded proteins. Here, we characterized the null phenotypes of UBR4-deficient mice in which the UBR box of UBR4 was deleted. We show that the mutant mice die around embryonic days 9.5-10.5 (E9.5-E10.5) associated with abnormalities in various developmental processes such as neurogenesis and cardiovascular development. These developmental defects are significantly attributed to the inability to maintain cell integrity and adhesion, which significantly correlates to the severity of null phenotypes. UBR4-loss induces the depletion of many, but not all, proteins from the plasma membrane, suggesting that UBR4 is involved in proteome-wide turnover of cell surface proteins. Indeed, UBR4 is associated with and required to generate the multivesicular body (MVB) which transiently store endocytosed cell surface proteins before their targeting to autophagosomes and subsequently lysosomes. Our results suggest that the N-recognin UBR4 plays a role in the homeostasis of cell surface proteins and, thus, cell adhesion and integrity.
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Ochang Branch Institute > Chemical Biology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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