Repurposing type III polyketide synthase as a malonyl-CoA biosensor for metabolic engineering in bacteria

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Title
Repurposing type III polyketide synthase as a malonyl-CoA biosensor for metabolic engineering in bacteria
Author(s)
D Yang; W J Kim; S M Yoo; Jong Hyun Choi; S H Ha; M H Lee; S Y Lee
Bibliographic Citation
Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of United States of America, vol. 115, no. 40, pp. 9835-9844
Publication Year
2018
Abstract
Malonyl-CoA is an important central metabolite for the production of diverse valuable chemicals including natural products, but its intracellular availability is often limited due to the competition with essential cellular metabolism. Several malonyl-CoA biosensors have been developed for high-throughput screening of targets increasing the malonyl-CoA pool. However, they are limited for use only in Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae and require multiple signal transduction steps. Here we report development of a colorimetric malonyl-CoA biosensor applicable in three industrially important bacteria: E. coli, Pseudomonas putida, and Corynebacterium glutamicum RppA, a type III polyketide synthase producing red-colored flaviolin, was repurposed as a malonyl-CoA biosensor in E. coli Strains with enhanced malonyl-CoA accumulation were identifiable by the colorimetric screening of cells showing increased red color. Other type III polyketide synthases could also be repurposed as malonyl-CoA biosensors. For target screening, a 1,858 synthetic small regulatory RNA library was constructed and applied to find 14 knockdown gene targets that generally enhanced malonyl-CoA level in E. coli These knockdown targets were applied to produce two polyketide (6-methylsalicylic acid and aloesone) and two phenylpropanoid (resveratrol and naringenin) compounds. Knocking down these genes alone or in combination, and also in multiple different E. coli strains for two polyketide cases, allowed rapid development of engineered strains capable of enhanced production of 6-methylsalicylic acid, aloesone, resveratrol, and naringenin to 440.3, 30.9, 51.8, and 103.8 mg/L, respectively. The malonyl-CoA biosensor developed here is a simple tool generally applicable to metabolic engineering of microorganisms to achieve enhanced production of malonyl-CoA-derived chemicals.
Keyword
biosensormalonyl-CoAmetabolic engineeringnatural productspolyketide synthase
ISSN
0027-8424
Publisher
Natl Acad Sciences
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808567115
Type
Article
Appears in Collections:
Jeonbuk Branch Institute > Microbial Biotechnology Research Center > 1. Journal Articles
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